#2020 Diaet zum Abnehmen: Reduzieren Sie Ihre Körpergröße in einem Monat auf M! Kaufen Sie 3 und erhalten 5. Versuchen Sofort - überraschen Sie alle . (2017) published a revolutionary study on the role of the gut microbiome: In this sentence, et al. doesn't appear on a reference list, but still serves to indicate that Jolly and others contributed to the study in question.; Some large-scale surveys found cats to be the preferred pet (McCann et al., 1980) while others found dogs to be the ideal pet (Grisham & Kane, 1981): In. To use et al., keep in mind that the Latin phrase means and others to help you decide where and when to use it. You can use et al. formally when you're creating in-text citations and parenthetical remarks so that you don't have to list a long string of names. You can also use the phrase in less formal situations, like when you need to refer to a group of coworkers in a work email. Et al.
What does the abbreviation et al. stand for? Meaning: and others. What is the correct use of et al. How and when to use et al. Date published February 17, 2020 by Jack Caulfield. Date updated: May 12, 2020 Et al. is short for the Latin term et alia, meaning and others. It is used in academic citations when referring to a source with multiple authors The Proper Use of Et Al. in APA Style by Chelsea Lee. Academic writing is full of little conventions that may seem opaque to the uninitiated. One of these is the Latin phrase et al., an abbreviation meaning and others. It is used to shorten lists of author names in text citations to make repeated referencing shorter and simpler. Note that et al. is italicized in this post when I am using.
Et al. indicates that two or more other authors collaborated in the work. Are there synonyms of et al.? Yes. According to The Cambridge Dictionary, also, extra, and in addition are synonyms with similar meanings to et al. How to Use Et Al. Why is there a period after the al of et al.? Remember, al. is short for alia and its various. In APA 7, for a work with three or more authors, list the first author and et al. for all citations, including the first citation, unless doing so would create ambiguity. (Note that this rule has changed from APA 6 guidelines on using et al., which recommend listing all author names in the first citation up to five authors but then using et al. for the second and subsequent citations. Clueless about how to use et al. in your paper?. No need to fear. This handy guide will have you rollin' with the homies and citing like a pro in no time. Before we get into the nitty-gritty details, it helps to first understand the literal meaning of the phrase et al. abbr. Latin et alii (and others) et al. abbreviation for 1. (General Physics) et alibi 2. et alii et al. Short for et alia, a Latin phrase meaning and the others. ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend: Switch to new thesaurus Adv. 1. et al. - and others ('et al.' is used as an abbreviation of `et alii' (masculine plural) or `et aliae. Et al. is commonly used in place of a list of names, whether of people or places, when the list would be exhaustive, or is simply not necessary. The most common use of et al. is found in essays, research papers, and legal writings. To explore this concept, consider the following et al definition
Et al. does not need to be italicized in normal use. It does take a period after the second word, even when it falls in the middle of a sentence. In general, et al. is best reserved for citations and other parenthetical remarks in academic or other types of formal writing. It can sound unnatural when read aloud, so an unabbreviated English equivalent is often better in less formal writing I would say there is a definite distinction between the two, in definition and in proper usage. Et cetera, often shortened to etc., means literally 'and the rest'.Et alii, often shortened to et al., means 'and others' and can be thought of as a specific case of et cetera when the 'rest' refers to a list of persons. It is often seen in academic contexts, usually when citing a reference having.
Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Jump to navigation Jump to search. See also: étal, e tal, et. al, and et al Et Al. An abbreviated form of et alia, Latin for and others.When affixed after the name of a person, et al. indicates that additional persons are acting in the same manner, such as several plaintiffs or grantors.. When et al. is used in a judgment against defendants, it means that the quoted words are applicable to all the defendants.. Cross-references.
et al. definition: Et al. is defined as an abbreviation for the Latin phrase et alia which means and others. (abbreviation) An example of et. al. used as an abbreviation is in the sentence, The article was written by Smith, Jones, Paul, et al. whi.. Definition of et-al abbreviation in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more et al. (ɛt ˈæl, ˈɑl, ˈɔl) 1. and others. 2. and elsewhere. [< Latin et alibi] . [< Latin et aliī (masculine pl.), et alia (neuter pl.)] ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend: Switch to new thesaurus Adv. 1. et al - and others ('et al.' is used as an abbreviation of `et alii' (masculine plural) or `et aliae' (feminine plural) or `et alia.
et al. definition: 1. abbreviation for et alia: and others. It is used in formal writing to avoid a long list of names. Learn more et al. meaning: 1. abbreviation for et alia: and others. It is used in formal writing to avoid a long list of names. Learn more
Some people use the word usage as though it were just a fancier form of the word use, but this is not the best way to use the word. In general, if either use or usage seems like it could work in a sentence the best choice is probably use as this is a more commonly used word with more meanings. The word use can in fact be either a noun or a verb and in many. Etc. and et al. are two commonly confused abbreviations. Etc. means and so on, while et al. means and others. So, what's the difference between etc. and et al.? Read on to learn more
Takano et al., Association of functional polymorphisms of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and MMP-3 genes with colorectal cancer, International Journal of Cancer, vol Et alia (et al) is Latin for and others. Et al. is most commonly used in a list of people, particularly when referring to the authors of an academic publication. For example, when referring to a scientific research paper, the authors may be cited as Goodman et al. (meaning the paper was by Goodman and some other researchers) The phrase et seq. is an abbreviation of the Latin et sequentes, or et sequential, which mean and the following.In written documents, et seq. is used to reference specific pages, sections, or list numbers within statutes, articles, regulations, or other works, to indicate that the information is continued in the sections, or on the pages, which immediately follow
Smits FJ, et al. Trials. 2020 May 7;21(1):389. doi: 10.1186/s13063-020-4167-9. Trials. 2020. PMID: 32381031 Free PMC article. Calculated initial parenteral treatment of bacterial infections: Sepsis. Bodmann KF, Höhl R, Krüger W, Grabein B, Graninger W. Bodmann KF, et al. GMS Infect Dis. 2020 Mar 26;8:Doc09. doi: 10.3205/id000053. eCollection 2020. GMS Infect Dis. 2020. PMID: 32373434 Free. Vitamin C Pharmacokinetics: Implications for Oral and Intravenous Use Sebastian J Padayatty et al. Ann Intern Med. 2004. Show details Ann Intern Med Actions. Search in PubMed Search in NLM Catalog Add to Search . 2004 Apr 6;140(7):533-7. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-140-7-200404060-00010. Authors Sebastian J Padayatty 1 , He Sun, Yaohui Wang, Hugh D Riordan, Stephen M Hewitt, Arie Katz, Robert A. Only italicize et al., meaning and others, if it is referred to as a term, as the examples in this sentence and the question above show. In parenthetical citations and works-cited-list entries, the abbreviation should be set roman, as shown in the MLA Handbook (116, 22): (Burdick et al. 42) Burdick, Anne, et al. Digital_Humanities
Davis et al. revealed a sample of 262 reports was reduced through systematic inclusion/exclusion criteria application to a concluding sample of 24 reports. The reports illus-trated the ﬂexibility of the method in numerous topical areas, and the reports were categorized into four major ar- eas, as well as categorization by depth of the results of the reviews. Davis et al. identiﬁed that the. Looking for online definition of ET or what ET stands for? ET is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms ET is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronym The abbreviation et al. is short for the Latin phrase et alia, meaning and others. When it appears on a property deed, it indicates that a list of items or persons named on the deed includes others as well. The abbreviation et al. also appear in many other contexts. It is typically used in bibliographical entries and citations.
The WHO definition of health as complete wellbeing is no longer fit for purpose given the rise of chronic disease. Machteld Huber and colleagues propose changing the emphasis towards the ability to adapt and self manage in the face of social, physical, and emotional challenges The current WHO definition of health, formulated in 1948, describes health as a state of complete physical, mental. HiNative is a global Q&A platform where you can ask people from all over the world questions about language and culture. We support over 110 languages Big data applications in farming are not strictly about primary production, but play a major role in improving the efficiency of the entire supply chain and alleviating food security concerns (Chen et al., 2014, Esmeijer et al., 2015, Gilpin, 2015a) et al. The Latin abbreviation et al. stands for et alii which translates as and other people. It is like etc., but it is used only for people. You will generally see et al. used in bibliographical entries for books, articles, or other publications that have several authors (usually four or more) in order to save space. In such cases, the.
The most widely cited contemporary definition of therapeutic use of self describes it as a therapist's planned use of his or her personality, insights, perceptions, and judgments as part of the therapeutic process (Punwar & Peloquin, 2000, p. 285 as cited by Taylor et al. 2009) PubMed® comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites
Committee for the Update of the Guide for the Care . and Use of Laboratory Animals Institute for Laboratory Animal Research. Division on Earth and Life Studies. THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 . NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Govern-ing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the. Gamification: Toward a Definition Abstract This paper proposes a working definition of the term gamification as the use of game design elements in non-game contexts. This definition is related to similar concepts such as serious games, serious gaming, playful interaction, and game-based technologies. Origins Gamification as a term originated in the digital media industry. The first documented. A Referencing Style Guide. Peter Coxhead. Contents. Introduction; References in the text (citations) List of references; Referencing online sources; Footnotes; See also; 1 Introduction. Correct and consistent use of a standard referencing convention is essential in producing a report, thesis or paper. One version of what is often called the Harvard system is briefly explained below.
Emotion has a substantial influence on the cognitive processes in humans, including perception, attention, learning, memory, reasoning, and problem solving. Emotion has a particularly strong influence on attention, especially modulating the selectivity of attention as well as motivating action and behavior. This attentional and executive control is intimately linked to learning processes, as. EN. Languages. English Español Catal à Čeština Dansk Deutsch Filipino Français. Hrvatski Indonesia Italiano Latviešu Lietuvių Magyar Nederlands Norsk. Polski Português (Brasil) Português (Portugal) Română Slovenčina Slovenščina Suomi Svenska. Tiếng Việt Türkçe Ελληνικά Български Русский Српски Українська עברית.
Leocani L, Nuara A, Houdayer E, et al. Effect of THC-CBD oromucosal spray (Sativex) on measures of spasticity in multiple sclerosis: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Paper presented at: Joint Americas Committee for Treatment and Research in Multiple Sclerosis ACTRIMS—European Committee for Treatment and Research in Multiple Sclerosis ECTRIMS Meeting; September 10-13, 2014. He Normal (He-et-al) Initialization This method of initializing became famous through a paper submitted in 2015 by He-et-al, and is similar to Xavier initialization, with the factor multiplied by two Dweik RA, Sorkness RL, Wenzel S, et al. Use of exhaled nitric oxide measurement to identify a reactive, at-risk phenotype among patients with asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2010; 181:1033. Bonini M, Permaul P, Kulkarni T, et al. Loss of salmeterol bronchoprotection against exercise in relation to ADRB2 Arg16Gly polymorphism and exhaled nitric oxide. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2013; 188:1407. In this article, we attempt to clarify our statements regarding the effects of mean centering. In a multiple regression with predictors A, B, and A × B (where A × B serves as an interaction term), mean centering A and B prior to computing the product term can clarify the regression coefficients (which is good) and the overall model fit R2 will remain undisturbed (which is also good)
(Impellizzeri et al, 2013; n=220, mean age=47 (15)—Taking into account the MDC, the floor and ceiling effects post-intervention were 5%. The floor and ceiling effects were lower than the 15% cut-off value considered acceptable. Responsiveness. Chronic Hepatitis C: (Rosa et al, 2014)—The FSS showed responsiveness, however, neither PILLAR nor ASPIRE achieved statistical significance (p. Use sardaasheetal in a sentence, sardaasheetal meaning?, sardaasheetal definition, how to use sardaasheetal in a sentence, use sardaasheetal in a sentence with example Subsequent events definition May 01, 2019 / Steven Bragg. A subsequent event is an event that occurs after a reporting period, but before the financial statements for that period have been issued or are available to be issued. Depending on the situation, such events may or may not require disclosure in an organization's financial statements. The two types of subsequent events are: Additional. Following the initial description of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) by Ashbaugh et al 2 in 1967, multiple definitions were proposed and used until the 1994 publication of the American-European Consensus Conference (AECC) definition. 3 The AECC defined ARDS as the acute onset of hypoxemia (arterial partial pressure of oxygen to fraction of inspired oxygen [Pa O 2 /F IO 2] ≤ 200 mm. Stergiou GS, Myers MG, Reid JL, et al. Setting-up a blood pressure and vascular protection clinic: requirements of the European Society of Hypertension. J Hypertens 2010; 28:1780. Douma S, Petidis K, Doumas M, et al. Prevalence of primary hyperaldosteronism in resistant hypertension: a retrospective observational study. Lancet 2008; 371:1921
definition of bullying, and a request to use the definition when responding. However, following pilot work, Fevre et al. (2011) argued that respondents tended not to read and digest bullying definitions as they had already decided what bullying meant to them. The behavioural experience method offers a more objective approach, but is typicall Allah (/ ˈ æ l ə, ˈ ɑː l ə, ə ˈ l ɑː /; Arabic: ٱللَّٰه , romanized: Allāh, IPA: [ɑɫˈɫɑː(h)] ()) is the Arabic word for God in Abrahamic religions.In the English language, the word generally refers to God in Islam. The word is thought to be derived by contraction from al-ilāh, which means the god, and is related to El and Elah, the Hebrew and Aramaic words for. Use cacareador in a sentence, cacareador meaning?, cacareador definition, how to use cacareador in a sentence, use cacareador in a sentence with : 2. How to use setal in a sentence Looking for sentences and phrases with the word setal? Here are some examples. 3. setal definition: Adjective (comparative more setal, superlative most setal) 1. Of, pertaining to, or having setae : Recently. Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States; nearly all tobacco use begins during youth and young adulthood (1,2).Among youths, use of tobacco products in any form is unsafe (1,3).CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) analyzed data from the 2011-2016 National Youth Tobacco Surveys (NYTS) to determine recent patterns of current (past 30-day.
Objective:To report on the safety and efficacy of an investigational active middle ear implant (AMEI) in Japan, and to compare results to preoperative results with a hearing aid.Design:Prospective study conducted in Japan in which 23 Japanese-speaking adults suffering from conductive or mixed heari Millions trust Grammarly's free writing app to make their online writing clear and effective. Getting started is simple — download Grammarly's extension today. Log in. Great Writing, Simplified. Compose bold, clear, mistake-free writing with Grammarly's AI-powered writing assistant. Add to Robot/spider It's free. 20 million people use Grammarly to improve their writing. New.
Cognitive load is a theoretical notion with an increasingly central role in the educational research literature. The basic idea of cognitive load theory is that cognitive capacity in working memory is limited, so that if a learning task requires too much capacity, learning will be hampered. The recommended remedy is to design instructional systems that optimize the use of working memory. Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for Arabic names are used in the Arab world, as well as some other regions within the larger Muslim world. They are not necessarily of Arabic origin, though most in fact are. Compare also Persian names and Turkish names. See also about Arabic names. more filters... Filter Results close. Gender Usage Initial letter Meaning expand search to ancestral names. the meaning is anything from the name's. From the deliberations at the workshop the notion emerged that, through the definition of, and widespread support for, a minimal set of community-agreed guiding principles and practices, all.
smaller than the MAE. For instance, Chai et al. (2009) pre-sented both the mean errors (MAEs) and the rms errors (RM-SEs) of model NO2 column predictions compared to SCIA-MACHY satellite observations. The ratio of RMSE to MAE ranged from 1.63 to 2.29 (see Table 1 of Chai et al., 2009). Using hypothetical sets of four errors, Willmott an Substance Use and Delinquent Behavior Among Serious Adolescent Offenders . Edward P. Mulvey, Carol A. Schubert, and Laurie Chassin . Investigators interviewed 1,354 young offenders from Philadelphia and Phoenix for 7 years after their convictions to learn what factors (e.g., individual maturation, life changes, and involvement with the criminal justice system) lead youth who have committed. AL Code Navigation. 04/30/2020; 2 minutes to read; In this article. When you develop an AL extension, you may want to navigate around the source code frequently. To jump around the code or to access the reference code, you use the Go To Definition feature in Visual Studio Code. Go To Definition. The Go to Definition feature navigates to the source of a type and opens the result in a new tab. Other scholars are beginning to do cross-cultural comparisons of SNS use—Hjorth and Yuji (in press) compare Japanese usage of Mixi and Korean usage of Cyworld, while Herring et al. (2007) examine the practices of users who bridge different languages on LiveJournal—but more work in this area is needed The Australian twin-family study of alcohol use disorder (OZALC) found a greater concordance of alcohol dependence in monozygotic (56% for males) compared to dizygotic twins (33% for males) and a heritability estimate of 64% (Heath et al., 1997)